Australia, its history and location.
Australia, legally known as the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country that belongs to the property of Oceania. It’s the main continental mass in which takes up the Sahul platform and is also surrounded by the Indian, Antarctic and Pacific Glaciers oceans; it is divided from Asia by the seas of Timor And Arafura. It borders on the nations East Timor Papuan New Guinea And Indonesia the north, Vanuatu, the French depedency of New Caledonia and the Solomon Islands the northeast part, as well as New Zealand to the southeast.
How does historic past of Australia begin?
Historical past of Australia dates back to the time men came on its land for the first time. Australian aborigines arrived with vessel through the southeast of the Eurasian continent roughly 60,000 years ago, however, the date is in discussion since Australian prehistory is considered to be some thousands of years more extensive since there are no articles of human activities prior to contact with Europeans. And, also, about 1,000,000 aborigines currently occupied the place when they colonized it.
It is known that Australia had been found in the 16th century through Spanish and Portuguese sailors, however they held the information secret for ideal reasons. After that, Dutch explorers made the first sighting a hundred years later. Nevertheless, they considered it an uninhabitable property that was not well suited for colonization and left free passing to later British “”.
Captain James Cook.
Although there was some other European incursions in past times, what exactly is considered the most complete exploration of Australia was carried out in the 18th century with the English captain James Cook, who arrived in 1770, claimed the place for the English crown and took control of the Southeast of the tropical island in the name of the king of England.
Cook’s breakthroughs and the acknowledgement of his studies by English government, made possible the first European settlement around the continent, therefore it is common to listen to that Cook is the great discoverer the the southern area of land, although the real discovery occurred over 160 years just before his trip.
England was particularly intrigued by Australia since they found it as a possible answer to the problem of overpopulation that they suffered at that time because of the loss in the 13 American colonies and it was considered to move a portion of its residents there. For this reason, on March 13, 1787, eleven 1st Fleet boats left Portsmouth, England, towards Botany Bay, Australia ( *More on: Australia eTA). In that way, settlers arrived and inhabited the area whilst displacing aborigines because of the confiscation of the lands and also illnesses.
It has become a Federation.
When the 20th century came, Australia didn’t exist as a country: it contained a conglomerate of colonies or autonomous states. But in 1901, the Six various states agreed in a referendum to become a federation and they selected the typical flag that these days remains the flag of Australia.
After the formation of Australia as a country, it was meant to inflict a law on immigration management. Nonetheless, when World War II concluded, a number of migrants from different spots found its way to the nation and, at the moment, it has become the home of people from a number of areas of the earth.
Source: Australia eTA